About  Reserve

Kivach reserve is the first protected territory in Karelia. It was organized in 1931 by the Decree of the
Council of People’s Commisars of the Karelian ASSR.

The waterfall Kivach apparently was used as a reason for its foundation. The following nature study of
this territory confirmed the right choice of the place for the protected area. The unique combination of
typical features is a variety of the nature reserve.

KIVACH STATE NATURE RESERVE

The reserve was based on June, 11th, 1931 for the purpose of preservation of the natural complexes surrounding plain Kivach waterfall on the river Suna.

The reserve is the highest category of specially guarded natural territories having the strictest procedure of protection. The reserve territory is completely withdrawn from the economic use and is protected by the State.


The flora totals more than 780 species of vascular plants, 325 species of lichens and 193 species of leafy mosses. Among them there are many rare, protected in Karelia. Species usual for the middle subzone of taiga dominate there: bilberries, cowberries, twinflower (Linnaea borealis), stiff club-moss, sylvan horsetail, etc. Among the rare red-listed species there are lady's slipper, ghost orchid, spring and lake quillworts.

In territory of the Kivach nature reserve there are 271 species of ground vertebrates, including 47 species of mammals, 216 species of birds, 3 species of reptiles and 5 species amphibious is registered. 25 species of fishes live in reservoirs. There have been revealed 276 species of spiders, 3531 species of insects. Of them 107 species are included in the Red book of Karelia. More than 60% of animal species live on the woods, middle taiga for the most part: red-backed mice, squirrels, mountain hares, bears, mooses, hazel-grouses, wood-grouses, goldeneyes, chaffinches, willow wrens, brown frogs. There are also representatives of southern wood and forest-steppe zones, as well as tundra and northern taiga. Amond the northern species there should be mentioned three-toed woodpecker, white grouse, in some years wood lemmings were found. Amond the southern species thereb should be mentioned wild boars, lake seagulls, blackbirds, and wood warblers. Gluttons, roe deers, quails, nighthawks, orioles, nightingales and included in the Red Book of Russia fish hawks, white-tailed eagles, peregrines, and golden eagles are found seldom.

Focus area of the Kivach reserve

Main aims

Protection of the territory reserve in order to conserve the biodiversity and maintain the state of nature of conservation area and protected natural features;

 - Research organization, including Nature records;

 - Environmental education;

 - Staff training assistance in the environmental safety and monitoring area.

Reserve territory patrolling

National parks and reserves are highly protected areas. The natural sites on the reserve (earth, water, mineral resources, plant and animal life) are totally disused from the economic management. The reserve is an environment-oriented constitution that goes in for environmental education, protection of the plant and animal genetical fund, researching its natural history and ecosystem.

The State environment protection inspectors patrol the area, prevent acts and detect violations against reservation conditions. The Chief State Environment Inspector examines cases of the administrative offences. The environmental control legislation provides also for criminal responsibility for certain offences.

Scientific research

The research department of the reserve and experts from other research establishments are responsible for the scientific researching on the reserve, as well as for writing scientific articles and monographs. “Nature study and examination on the reserve according to the program of Nature Records” is the main academic subject.

For over 40 years the collaborators monitor different processes in the natural complex and make out Nature Records.

The insects collection represented by more than 70 thousand pieces has being added for years in the department. The herbarium consisted of 6 thousand sheets is included in the List of the Herbariums of the world (electronic database).

Environmental education

Environmental education among local people and incoming tourists is one of the main underlying reserve objectives. The colleagues contact with many people, it efforts the spread of environmental knowledge, raises the level of culture and develops the coherence between man and nature.

The members of the ecological department run walking tours to the waterfall Kivach and along taiga reserve paths, arrange excursions in the museum of The Nature and invite tourists to visit the arboretum (the tree nursery).


Waterfall Kivach

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One day excursion and programs on the Kivach reserve

An ecological route network was created for tourists to get acquainted with main vegetation types, typical land forms, and rare species of flora and fauna. Walking on ecoroutes is possible with a guide (reserve collaborators) while meeting the reservation conditions. You can enroll on a tour beforehand over the phone (see contact telephone number of the Reserve Museum).

10-15 tourists is an optimum capacity for the group.

Being in the taiga territory you will have to wear a special tourist clothes – windcheater and windpants, tourist boots or high tops (NOT stilettos!). Do not forget to take insects repellants with you.

Oneday ecoroutes have different distance and complexity. The route can be prepared individually for the group depending on weather conditions, season and tourists’ physical state

Most popular routes and programs

ROUTE # 1

Sopoha pine wood

The route starts from the central path of the reserve, the distance is 2,5 km. Tourists will get acquainted with the nature complex of the aqueoglacial plain, its elongated sand waves (sandosar), treed with pines; high moors scattered with cloudberries and beautiful forest lake (rus. Lamba) will appear on the low. The route is opened all year round.

Route # 2

Spring bogs


The route starts in the Sopoha pine forest. Tourists will get acquainted with basic forest types of the aqueoglacial plain: its moss pine wood, mixed forest with different wild grasses on the ground, spruce forest near the brook. You will see different typical and rare plants reaching the spring bogs with healthful water sources.

The distance is 6 km.

Route # 3

Spruce forest on the bank of the Suna River

 A 5 km route starts on Kivach village edge acquaints tourists with the nature complex of the till plain, its stubble fields, lichen pine forests, transition moors and old spruce forest down by the riverside. You will also get the information about the inhabitants of the river.

The routes go along old forest tracks. Forest areas and hags are preserved in a state of nature, and to remain our forest in its beauty we have to take the rubbish out from the reserve.

Route # 4

1500 steps to nature

 Description of the excurcion will be published soon/

Cooming soon.
 
The routes go along old forest tracks. Forest areas and hags are preserved in a state of nature, and to remain our forest in its beauty we have to take the rubbish out from the reserve.

Have a nice interesting and cognitive leisure in Karelia!


telephone, E-Mail

Tel.: +7 (8142) 44-50-33, +7-921-2274923.

E-mail: zap.kivach@gmail.com

E-mail for excursions: ecopros.zap.kivach@gmail.com

Our projects

ADDRESS, Geo cords

Address: 186220, Zapovednaya street, 14, Kivach village, Kondopozhsky district, Republic of Karelia, Russia

How to get: N62 16.126 E33 58.969